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The Durham Advantage

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Transportation Hub

Highway 401

Durham Region's transportation infrastructure is made up of an integrated network of provincial and regional highways, cargo-loading and deep-sea shipping ports connecting to the Atlantic Ocean via the St. Lawrence Seaway, transcontinental and commuter railway lines, as well as local and international airports. This allows for access to 135 million American and Canadian consumers, within a day’s drive, along with efficient movement of goods and people.

Roads

Highway 401 is the major east-west arterial highway in Ontario, stretching 818 kilometres (508 miles) from Windsor, Ontario to the Quebec border, connecting Durham Region to southwestern and eastern Ontario, Quebec and the U.S.

Highway 407 Express Toll Route (ETR) is a 108 kilometre (67 miles) toll highway, which runs across the north of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). Currently, the 407 ETR ends at the western point of Durham Region in the City of Pickering and as of 2017 will reach Harmony Road, Oshawa.

The Highway 407 East project is underway to construct the continuation of Highway 407 that will run through the entire Durham Region eastward, from the current end point in Pickering to Highway 35/115 in Clarington. The project also includes three interchanges in Durham, which will link Highway 401 to Highway 407.

Highway 7 is a major arterial highway that traverses the entire southern half of Ontario, including Durham Region. The highway is one of Ontario's most important routes, particularly through eastern Ontario where Highway 7 serves as the only major through route, north of Highway 401.

Highway 115/35 runs north-south in the Municipality of Clarington, the eastern part of Durham Region, connecting north-east Durham with Toronto via Highway 401.

Highway 404 is a 400-series highway running north-south, connecting Highway 401 and the Don Valley Parkway (DVP) to Toronto and Highway 407, which extends through Durham Region.

Rail

Freight Rail

CANADIAN NATIONAL (CN) RAIL is the largest rail network in Canada, with transcontinental connections throughout North America. Spanning approximately 20,600 route-miles of track, CN offers rail connections to three coasts with connections to all points in North America. For more information visit www.cn.ca.

CANADIAN PACIFIC (CP) RAILWAY is a transcontinental railway in Canada and the U.S., with direct links to eight major ports, including Vancouver and Montreal. For more information visit www.cpr.ca.

Commuter Rail

GO Transit is the regional public transit service for the GTA, with extensive service to Durham Region. Approximately 62 GO transit trains travel from Durham to downtown Toronto each day, running every 30 minutes to meet the needs of a growing number of customers. For more information visit www.gotransit.com.

VIA Rail travels through the Quebec City-Windsor corridor with convenient access to Toronto and Montreal. The Oshawa train station provides passenger service for VIA and GO Transit with regularly scheduled schedules. For more information visit www.viarail.ca.

Transit

Durham Region Transit (DRT) provides service to more than 10 million riders annually, including routes with Toronto connections, and is synchronized with GO Transit and VIA rail services. For more information visit www.durhamregiontransit.com.

Deep Sea Ports

PORT OF OSHAWA HARBOUR is capable of accommodating any size or type of vessel entering the St. Lawrence Seaway system, providing shippers with a wide range of cargo-handling equipment, from heavy lift cranes to fork lift trucks. Port of Oshawa's stevedoring and terminal services are renowned for high, damage-free productivity. For more information visit www.portofoshawa.ca.

ST. MARY’S CEMENT (BOWMANVILLE) is a privately owned dock, open to the public, with a draft depth of 8.8 metres (29 feet) that is suitable for seaway shipping vessels. The current dock users include cement, salt and automotive companies. For more information visit www.stmaryscement.com.

PORT OF TORONTO is 57 kilometres from Durham Region, and is one of Canada's largest major inland ports situated on the northwest shore of Lake Ontario. For more information visit www.torontoport.com.

Air

OSHAWA AIRPORT is an executive-level regional airport, able to accommodate a range of aircraft—from small recreational planes to 20-passenger business jets and 70-passenger turbo prop commuters. Corporate travel and just-in-time freight services are expedited with the presence of Canada Customs and fixed-based aviation services. For more information visit www.oshawa-airport.com.

LESTER B. PEARSON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (TORONTO) is 63 kilometres from Durham Region, and is Canada’s primary air hub, and the second-busiest North American gateway to the world. The airport handles the most Canadian/U.S. traffic on the continent, and more than 30 per cent of Canada’s air traffic. For more information visit www.torontopearson.com.

BILLY BISHOP ISLAND AIRPORT (TORONTO) is 57 kilometres from Durham Region and is located on the Toronto islands, southwest of Downtown Toronto. Billy Bishop provides links to business centres and destinations across North America. With flights to more than 18 cities in Canada and the U.S., the airport connects more than two million passengers annually (2012 statistics) to more than 80 international destinations. For more information visit www.torontoport.com/airport.aspx.

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